Le djihadisme transnational, entre l’Orient et l’Occident – Colloque international

djihagismeLe phénomène djihadiste touche tous les continents et, mis à part l’Amérique latine, aucune région ne semble désormais lui échapper. Une trentaine de chercheurs dont les travaux portent sur l’Europe, l’Amérique du nord, le Moyen-Orient, l’Asie, l’Afrique du nord et subsaharienne participeront à cette manifestation scientifique exceptionnelle. Sociologues, anthropologues, politistes et psychologues tenteront de rendre intelligible le phénomène djihadiste, en se focalisant sur ses causalités multiples, tant économiques que sociales et politiques, ainsi que ses acteurs et ses réseaux.

Le français, l’anglais et l’arabe, seront les trois langues du colloque. Les organisateurs assureront une traduction simultanée. Les débats seront libres mais obéiront aux règles de confidentialité du Chatham House.

Lien : formulaire d’inscription :

Page web :  http://www.fmsh.fr/fr/c/8775 et pdf.

The Information War Part 2 : Fighting jihadist online propaganda

c898f209dbf0fe9e8a30d6b3cfbc4c5fIn my last blog, part 1 of “The Information War,” I argued that online propaganda is an important element in the radicalization and recruitment of jihadists. Story after story in the media have continued to demonstrate this observation, beyond the examples already mentioned in my last post. For example, in mid-March, the Islamic State (ISIS, Da’ech) published a video showing the execution in Syria, by a child soldier of an accused spy. The victim was later identified as an Israeli Arab, whose brother claimed he was lured to the group via Facebook. Moreover, in late March, Rolling Stone Magazine featured an excellent article, “The Children of ISIS,” detailing the story of American teenage siblings who sought to join the group in Syria. Their radicalization and recruitment were substantially via social media. Their parents had noticed no changes in their behavior other than them spending more time alone on the computer. Lire la suite

Musulmans au Sahel : histoires de jihad

Al-Qaida_au_Maghreb_Islamique_combattantsEn partenariat avec l’Institut français de géopolitique, Hestia Expertise co-organise une table ronde consacrée à l’histoire du djihadisme au Sahel, sous la direction de Marc Antoine Pérouse de Montclos (institut français de géopolitique) et de Roger Botte (CNRS – EHESS), le 3 juin 2015, 9h-17H, à l’Institut des mondes africains, Salle Maurice et Denys Lombard (96, bd Raspail 75006 Paris). Entrée libre.

L’objectif de cette table ronde est de confronter les représentations contemporaines du « terrorisme » au Sahel avec les jihad d’autrefois pour mieux comprendre les transformations et les permanences du phénomène. Parmi les nombreuses formes de violence qui ont agité la région, il convient à cet égard de distinguer les insurrections qui ont été proclamées sous la bannière de l’Islam et qui ne relèvent pas simplement de la guerre en général. Seront ainsi analysés les cas du Mollah Fou au Somaliland, du Mahdi au Soudan, de Rabeh dans le Borno, d’El Hadj Omar au Sénégal et au Mali, du califat de Sokoto au Nigeria et de l’Empire du Macina au Mali. Lire la suite

Boko Haram: Islamism, politics, security and the state in Nigeria

BokoHaramBookThe second opus of the West African Politics and Society series (WAPOSO) focuses on the Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria. This book is the first attempt to understand Boko Haram in a comprehensive and consistent way. It examines the early history of the sect and its transformation into a radical armed group. It analyses the causes of the uprising against the Nigerian state and evaluates the consequences of the on-going conflict from a religious, social and political point of view.

The book gives priority to authors conducting fieldwork in Nigeria and tackles the following issues: the extent to which Boko Haram can be considered the product of deprivation and marginalisation; the relationship of the sect with almajirai, Islamic schools, Sufi brotherhoods, Izala, and Christian churches; the role of security forces and political parties in the radicalisation of the sect; the competing discourses in international and domestic media coverage of the crisis; and the consequences of the militarisation of the conflict for the Nigerian government and the civilian population, Christian and Muslim.

Read the book Lire la suite

The Information War

cobweb-69908_640Jihadists in Cyberspace and Social Media

In his remarks at the recent Summit on Countering Violent Extremism, President Obama noted the role of Al Qaeda and Da’esh (Islamic State) propaganda in “reaching and brainwashing young Muslims,” especially via the Internet, seeking “to target today’s young people online, in cyberspace.” French Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve echoed these sentiments following the Summit, pleading for more “regulation and responsibility” in the fight against jihadist propaganda and recruitment via the Internet. Shortly thereafter, he took off to discuss the subject with Silicon Valley executives. Lire la suite

Lone Wolves?

The Multifaceted Networks Driving Jihadism

A decade ago, an article in Foreign Affairs coined the term, “Protean Enemy” to describe the shape-shifting nature of the Al Qaeda (AQ) threat. A key reason for the terrorists’ malleability, according to its author Jessica Stern, was their innovation of “new style networks,” characterized by a “leaderless” kind of organization. Lire la suite